BRANSON, Mo. -- Even with dips in the economy and a long string of layoffs, resorts and restaurants across the country are desperate for workers to fill seasonal jobs for relatively low wages.
Many are recruiting foreign workers, hoping to draw them to sparsely populated towns like Branson that swell during tourist season.
''Branson has about 22,000 hotel, motel rooms, and the city has a population of about 4,600 people,'' said Steve Marshall, manager of Chateau On The Lake in the southwestern Missouri resort town. ''If you do the math, the entire population of Branson couldn't make up all the beds that need to be made up.''
According to the U.S. Labor Department, workers from Austria, Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, England, Indonesia, Jamaica, Mexico, Russia and elsewhere are employed to fill the temporary needs of small resort towns each year.
And while the nation's unemployment rate jumped to a 2 1/2-year high of 4.5 percent last month, not enough U.S. citizens are willing to wash dishes, clean bathrooms and perform similar jobs, said John Young, who runs HELP, an employment company in Goffston, N.H.
''These businesses are hurting for workers,'' Young said.
Many foreign workers are hired for jobs that otherwise would go unfilled and for wages that often exceed the national minimum of $5.15 per hour by a couple of dollars. They're allowed to stay only for a year to ensure they don't cost Americans longer-term jobs or drive down wages.
The Labor Department also caps the number of foreign workers hired as relief during peak and seasonal periods at 66,000 people each year.
The prospect of making $7.65 an hour and being able to visit the United States was enough to entice Olive James to leave Montego Bay, Jamaica, to help clean Chateau On The Lake's 301 guest rooms.
She and 23 other Jamaicans were hired through Young's company in May.
''I like the atmosphere,'' 41-year-old James said as she removed towels from a guest's room. ''My dream is to know America.''
To hire international workers, businesses must work through the Labor Department's Alien Labor Certification Program. Employers must show they have exhausted efforts to recruit qualified U.S. workers and offer the prevailing wage for an occupation in an area.
The Immigration and Naturalization Service screens potential workers for disease and criminal records. The workers are assigned to work at a specific business and perform a specific job.
At Al's Oasis in Oacoma, S.D., general manager Steve Mueller plans to have 13 international workers washing dishes, cleaning bathrooms and doing other jobs at the restaurant, gift shop and grocery store by mid-June. Wages will average $6.75 per hour.
Mueller looked abroad because too many positions were going unfilled at the complex that is popular with hunters, anglers and others on their way to the Missouri River.
''There aren't too many fathers and mothers who tell their sons and daughters, 'I want you to grow up and be a dishwasher,''' Mueller said.
At the Sun Valley ski resort in the Idaho Rockies, about 600 workers are hired each year from more than a dozen countries, personnel director Kim Hayes said.
''We don't recruit international workers,'' said Hayes. ''Most find us through the Internet and word of mouth. We've been very lucky in that regard.''
At Sun Valley, foreign workers, who are paid about $6.50 per hour, wear brass name plates that include their country of origin to provide guests with a flavor of the area's international atmosphere.
''Some of them come here from Indonesia, where their families are very poor,'' Hayes said. ''They can make enough money to live on for a couple of years. Others just want to experience the culture and experience something new.''
But the biggest benefit is for the businesses, who often find employees to be reliable and hardworking, said David Scibilia, a manager for Norseman Resorts in the seaside community of Ogunquit, Maine.
Scibilia began recruiting Jamaican women three years ago to clean rooms at the chain's Ogunquit River Plantation and Norseman Motor Inn. He also hired 10 men this year to cook, help with grounds keeping and haul supplies.
''The town has about 900 residents, but it can have as many as 30,000 tourists on any given day in peak season,'' Scibilia said. ''We just couldn't get all the work done without their help.''
On the Net:
Labor Department: http://www.dol.gov
Immigration Naturalization Service: http://www.ins.usdoj.gov
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