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Diplomatic efforts fail

Attacks said to cost $500K

Posted: Sunday, September 30, 2001

WASHINGTON -- President Bush condemned Afghanistan's Taliban rulers for harboring Osama bin Laden and his followers on Saturday and the United States pressed its military and diplomatic campaign against terror.

Peace groups marched in the capital, protesting that innocent lives could be lost in the coming retaliation against prime suspect bin Laden, believed hiding in Afghanistan.

In his weekly radio address, Bush said the Taliban, not the Afghan people, would be held responsible for harboring terrorists.

''The United States respects the people of Afghan-istan and we are their largest provider of humanitarian support,'' he said. ''But we condemn the Taliban, and welcome the support of other nations in isolating that regime.''

Bush's condemnation of the Taliban followed two weeks of unsuccessful efforts to convince the Muslim rulers to hand over bin Laden. A Pakistani delegation failed again Friday and said the Taliban leader, Mullah Mohammed Omar, refused to discuss the Saudi exile. One of the Pakistani participants said, ''I don't think that Mullah Omar is afraid of war.''

The United States moved more equipment to the central Asia region, and more reservists donned uniforms after Friday's callup. The Pentagon said the Marine Corps would mobilize 191 reservists and the Navy 250 more to bring those activated so far to more than 16,600. An additional 5,000 National Guardsmen were being trained for security duty at America's commercial airports.

At Camp David, Bush consulted CIA director George Tenet, chief of staff Andrew Card and national security adviser Condoleeza Rice. The White House released a photo showing the four around a table, a map of Afghanistan in the middle.

Meanwhile, the Bush administration has spelled out a policy for offering assistance to opponents of the Taliban, administration officials said Saturday.

''We do not want to choose who rules Aghanistan, but we will assist those who seek a peaceful, economically developing, Afghanistan, free of terrorism,'' an administration official said, quoting from the policy memo.

Bush has made similar points in the past, but the memo is the first comprehensive explanation of U.S. policy, officials said Saturday.

''The Taliban do not represent the Afghan people, who never elected or chose the Taliban faction,'' one of the officials said.

Also Saturday, Bush aides worked on a plan to revive the struggling economy, including a 13-week extension of unemployments benefits and tax cuts. And aides said Bush is negotiating with Democrats over a minimum wage increase.

Law enforcement officials working on the investigation of the attack, have estimated it costs terrorists at least $500,000 to pull off the Sept. 11 attacks.

FBI agents tracked the hijackers' bank accounts, their communications and their travel tickets as they followed a trail that could lead to a small group of chief plotters in Europe and the Middle East, a law enforcement source said Saturday on condition of anonymity.

Bush used the radio address to give Americans an update on anti-terrorism efforts made in response to the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon.

He reviewed moves this week to tighten security at America's 420 civilian airports; freeze financial sources used by terrorist; deploy the U.S. armed forces to points around the globe and roundup more international support for the struggle.

''All these actions make clear, our war on terror will be much broader than the battlefields and beachheads of the past,'' Bush said.

''This war will be fought wherever terrorists hide, or run, or plan,'' he said.

Activists and anarchists gathered in the streets in Washington chanting ''no war.'' Demonstrations originally planned to oppose globalization were transformed into an anti-war march.

''We're urging ... caution before they go to war in our name,'' 18-year-old Rachel Ettling of Grand Forks, N.D., said.

Other protesters burned an American flag. Workers at a construction site cursed marchers as they passed by.

At a press conference, former President Bill Clinton and his one-time political rival, Bob Dole, announced a new scholarship fund for families of those killed Sept. 11. They both praised the Bush administration for its approach so far.

On the diplomatic front, Undersecretary of State John Bolton met Saturday with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Georgy Mamedov to discuss forming an international coalition to fight terrorism.

International attention has focused particularly on former Soviet republics of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, which border Afghanistan and may provide a convenient platform for U.S. strikes.

Bolton had visited government leaders in Uzbekistan the day before traveling to Moscow.

Late Friday night the United Nations Security Council approved a resolution requiring all 189 U.N.-member nations to deny money, support and sanctuary to terrorists. The resolution was introduced and passed in just over 24 hours -- lightning speed by U.N. standards.

In another development Saturday, Taliban officials held meetings in several areas around Afghanistan to prepare the public to defend the country in case of a U.S. attack, Kabul Radio reported. ''Participants expressed their readiness to defend Afghanistan ... their readiness for jihad (holy war) against America,'' it reported.



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