KNOXVILLE, Tenn. Ken Lowe had an idea that every room in the house and the grounds outside could have its own television show.
The idea became Home & Garden Television.
Since it went on the air a decade ago, HGTV has become one of America's most recognized cable brands, reaching 87 million households and sprouting sister networks for E.W. Scripps Co.
''Not everybody recognized maybe even some of us who were there that fateful morning on Dec. 30, 1994, when we pushed the button and launched HGTV the impact this network would have,'' says Lowe, now president and CEO of Cincinnati-based Scripps.
Before HGTV, fixing up the house and working on the yard was largely the province of PBS' ''This Old House'' and ''Victory Garden.'' Now, it's prime time fare ABC's remodeling hit ''Extreme Makeover: Home Edition.''
Still, nobody does home and gardening 24/7 like Knoxville-based HGTV, which has broken into the top tier of cable networks with an 80 percent growth in audience since 1998.
HGTV is projected to end 2004 with a 12-month average prime-time rating of 0.9, putting it on a par with Discover and TLC, according to the network.
''This station has changed my life. It's all I watch,'' says Paula Zirinsky, public affairs director for a New York law firm and wife of an architect. ''I have never seen 'The Sopranos,' never saw 'Sex and the City,' never saw 'Desperate Housewives.' Why, when I can watch 'Divine Design.'''
Kim Garretson, an editor for the Web magazine LivingHome.com, says HGTV is also a favorite in the homebuilding and remodeling trade.
''This might seem surprising since the network shows are aimed at consumers, and mostly women. But if you think about it, the industry's product is one that only a TV network can bring alive and really show off,'' Garretson says.
Ed Spray, the retiring president of Scripps Networks, says within two months of starting HGTV ''we knew we had something.''
''I recall going to the home show here (in Knoxville) in February of 1995. We had a little booth. And people kept running by and saying how much they loved the shows. That was my first direct contact with real people watching us,'' Spray says. ''Now, we had no idea it was going to grow to this size.''
In 1997, HGTV did its first viewer call-in show, with no promotion. The network had 10,000 calls in two hours. Later that year, it broadcast its Web address for the first time. The computer jammed with 50,000 e-mails from 47 states. By the next year, HGTV began making a profit more than a year ahead of schedule.
Lowe, who had been working on the concept for HGTV since the 1980s based on his experiences in homeownership, says the key to HGTV's success was reaching the nation's heartland.
''I wanted Middle America to know there was a network that spoke to them,'' he says, ''that understood family values, that understood you could come to a place and watch programming and not have to worry about profanity, violence, gratuitous sex. I wanted that from Day One.''
Robert Thompson, director of the Center for the Study of Popular Television at Syracuse University, predicts HGTV's popularity will last.
''Walk into any hardware store,'' he says. ''Go back to the paint department. You will see 600 different samples of colors. My guess is people won't get tired of repainting their walls until they have gone through all of them.''
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